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Guy Carpenter & Company, LLC, a leading global risk and reinsurance specialist, has over a 90-year history of providing integrated solutions to the (re)insurance industry.

Regulatory Developments In The United States: Group Supervision And ORSA

The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) has stipulated that “the solvency framework of the U.S. system of state-based Insurance regulation has included a review of the holding company system for decades, with an emphasis placed on each insurance legal entity. In light of the 2008 financial crisis and the globalization of insurance business models, as discussed in this report, U.S. insurance regulators have begun to modify their group supervisory framework and have been increasingly involved in developing an international group supervisory framework (1).”..

Developments In Europe: Challenges For European Companies

Apart from still open Solvency II third-country equivalence issues, which will be discussed in detail later, European insurance companies struggle with different interpretations of the European Insurance Occupational Pension Authority (EIOPA) guidelines and rules. For example, while sovereign debt is considered risk-free in the Standard Formula, EIOPA recommended in April 2015 that internal model firms need to consider the spread risk of sovereign debt. However, local supervisors have not interpreted this guidance in the same way - the United Kingdom’s Prudential Regulatory Authority...

Developments in Europe: Changes in Reinsurance Decisions

Recently, we have seen a change in the way reinsurance is viewed in some companies and groups: The chief financial officer increasingly recognizes reinsurance as an instrument to achieve risk and capital management, rather than using capital measures like equity and sub-debt issuances. Reinsurance is now also used more often to optimize the diversification benefit, either between different lines of business or between insurance and market risks. For this, some insurance groups have implemented an Internal Reinsurance Vehicle...

Developments In Europe: Solvency II, Part I

After a long period of discussion and many delays, the new European insurance regulatory regime, Solvency II, will commence in January 2016. The rules will be compulsory for all insurance and reinsurance companies and groups in the European Economic Area (EEA). The three pillar approach of Solvency II for (i) quantitative capital requirements, (ii) qualitative risk management standards and (iii) reporting specifications, was derived from the international banking sector regulation (Basel II and Basel III). The Solvency II rules were developed over a period of more than 15 years, and there are many reasons for the long delay...

Regulation: A World View

Financial market regulation has been under review for a number of years but the global financial crisis in 2008 made it a key priority in many countries. While the previous insurance regulatory framework did remarkably well in the protection of insurance consumers and companies during the financial crisis, the insurance industry has not been immune from these factors. Today, new and upcoming regulations are having a profound impact on companies’ balance sheets and risk management practices. Although primarily aimed at larger, global (re)insurers...

Regulatory Challenges and Opportunities for (Re)insurers, Part II: United States

The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) has been continuously engaged in the formulation of the regulatory standards that the International Association of Insurance Supervisors is developing, but has expressed several concerns due to the different legal, regulatory and accounting systems that exist. The NAIC does not want the Insurance Capital Standard (ICS), which is to be a consolidated group-wide standard...